It sits on a hill called the Acropolis overlooking Athens. Animated by Fallschirmjäger [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons. The Athenians built the first Parthenon, often called the Older Parthenon, on the Acropolis starting around 490 BC. When one thinks of history's great civilizations, it's impossible not to include the ancient Greeks. A new, third level of content, designed specially to meet the advanced needs of the sophisticated scholar. Pediments. [1] It has 46 Doric columns which support the roof, with 8 across the front and back, and 17 on each side.[1]. Directed by the Athenian statesman Pericles, the Parthenon was built by the architects Ictinus and Callicrates under the supervision of the sculptor Phidias. Help Improve This Page: Please contact us to become an approved KidzSearch editor and provide your credentials. Today, it is not known what gods were included. The Athenian statesman Pericles directed the building of the Parthenon. The Parthenon(Greek: Παρθενών) is the most famous surviving building of Ancient Greeceand one of the most famous buildings in the world. The Parthenon is a former temple, located on the Acropolis of Athens, Greece. Those on the north are almost all lost. Photo: Stock Photos from Emily Goodwin/Shutterstock, Photo: Stock Photos from Petr F. Marek/Shutterstock, Photo: Stock Photos from Aerial-Motion/Shutterstock, How Caryatids Have Beautifully Blended Sculpture and Architecture Since Ancient Times, How the Natural Beauty of Hellenistic Sculpture Has Captivated the World for Centuries, All About ‘Laocoön and His Sons’: A Marble Masterpiece From the Hellenistic Period, This Armless Sculpture Is One of the Louvre’s Most Treasured Masterpieces. In the 1400s Turkish forces took control of the … Find out how by becoming a Patron. Some sculptures were removed in 1806 by the Earl of Elgin. During the time of the Ancient Greeks it was the center of power, art, science, and philosophy in the world. The most famous surviving building is the Parthenon. The architects were Ictinus and Callicrates, who worked under the supervision of the sculptor Phidias. Lua error in Module:Infobox_mapframe at line 118: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value). The base of the Parthenon measures 30 by 70 metres. This page was last changed on 28 April 2020, at 21:38. The Greek goddess Athena was Athen's patron goddess. Photo: Jordi Payà from Barcelona, Catalonia. While there are different theories, it's possible that maidens (parthenoi) who participated in sacrifices to the goddess Athena helped give rise to the name. It was built between 447 BC and 432 BC during the reign of Pericles. During the bombardment of the Acropolis in 1687 by Venetians fighting the Turks, the center of the building was destroyed after a powder magazine blew up. of the Acropolis at Athens, Greece, sits a rectangular white marble temple of the Greek goddess Athena called the Parthenon. Receive our Weekly Newsletter. We hope you and your family enjoy the NEW Britannica Kids. Choose a language from the menu above to view a computer-translated version of this page. Let's take a look at some of the most interesting facts about the Parthenon, the apex of Greek architecture. Content of this web page is sourced from wikipedia ( This older temple was destroyed during the Persian war in 480 BCE while it was still under construction. You don't have to go all the way to Greece to experience the Parthenon. The Parthenon is dedicated to the patron saint of Athens—the goddess Athena. To share with more than one person, separate addresses with a comma. On September 26. The first known photograph of the Parthenon was taken in October of 1839 and the mosque in the Parthenon still remained at that point. The east and west ends of the interior of the building are each faced by a portico of six columns. It was built in the mid-5th century bc in the Doric order, the simplest of the three Classical Greek architectural orders, characterized by simple, austere columns. The Greek government has called for the restitution of the precious sculptures for many years, with experts arguing both sides of the case. Some of the sculptures from the Parthenon are on display at the Louvre in Paris, France, and in Copenhagen, while the majority are in Athen's Acropolis Museum. Athens was later ruled by Christians who made the Parthenon a church. Britannica does not review the converted text. Claiming he had permission from the Ottomans, between 1800 and 1803 they were transported by sea to Britain and now reside in the British Museum. Photo: Stock Photos from Mark Higgins/Shutterstock. The Parthenon was the most important religious building in Athens. The building was designed by the architects Ictinus and Callicrates. The Parthenon from the south. The same year a great gold and ivory statue of Athena, made by Phidias for the interior, was dedicated. A series of fluted, baseless columns with square capitals stands on a three-stepped base and supports a roof structure consisting of a plain band of stone. Further sculptures of Athena show, on the east, her birth and, on the west, her contest with the sea god Poseidon for domination of the region around Athens. She cultivated expertise in street art which led to the purchase of her photographic archive by the Treccani Italian Encyclopedia in 2014. In 1687 a gunpowder explosion damaged the building. Jessica Stewart is a Contributing Writer and Digital Media Specialist for My Modern Met, as well as a curator and art historian. Since it was built, it has always been used. The temple was still being used as a mosque when the Ottomans adopted it as an ammunition dump during the war. As one of the most famous attractions in the world, the Parthenon draws millions of visitors each year who flock in to appreciate its majestic form. This page was last changed on 25 September 2020, at 21:18. The Parthenon is a temple in Athens, Greece, that was built during the Athenian Empire rule in honor of the goddess Athena. Kleiner, Fred S., Christin J. Mamiya. A pediment is a space between the sloping roof and the columns, which has statues in it. She was the goddess of wisdom, warfare, and courage. Accessible across all of today's devices: phones, tablets, and desktops. [1] It is considered one of ancient Greece's greatest architecture accomplishments. By the 7th century some structural alterations in the inner portion had also been made. Instead, the main cult image of Athena Polias is located in a different area of the Acropolis. It is considered one of ancient Greece's greatest architecture accomplishments. The history of the Acropolis goes back much farther than the … We’re also on Pinterest, Tumblr, and Flipboard. It was once even thought that it approximated the golden ratio in its construction, though this has since been disproved. There had been an earlier temple of Athena, now referred to as the Older Parthenon that was destroyed in 480 BC when the Persians invaded. The Parthenon that still exists today was built on the site of the Older Parthenon. It was built between 447 and 438 BC although decoration of the building continued until 432 BC. She was the goddess of wisdom, warfare, and courage. The name Parthenon means the virgin's place in Greek. Some content of the original page may have been edited to make it more suitable for younger readers, unless otherwise noted. The festival consisted solely of the sacrifices and rites proper to the season (mid-August) in the cult of Athena, the city protectress. In 1687 when the Venetians attacked Athens, the Parthenon was severely damaged.