In organisms with a changeable shape, such as amoeboid organisms, most directional terms are meaningless, since the shape of the organism is not constant and no distinct axes are fixed. Lateral thinking is the ability to use your imagination to look at a problem in a fresh way and come up with a new solution. For extension, ask patient to roll head backward, looking toward the ceiling. These terms are frequently used when describing appendages such as fins, tentacles, limbs or any structure that extends that can potentially move separately from the main body. So, this is a good option to invest your money. © 2018 Inzane Labs Private Limited. The part of the organism attached to the substrate is usually referred to as the basal end (from Latin basis 'support/foundation'), whereas the end furthest from the attachment is referred to as the apical end (from Latin apex 'peak/tip'). In such organisms, only terms such as superficial and deep, or sometimes proximal and distal, are usefully descriptive. the use of one hand in preference to the other. These terms refer to the distance of a structure from the surface or structure. The location of anatomical structures can also be described in relation to different anatomical landmarks. Varus (from Latin 'knock-kneed') and valgus (from Latin 'bow-legged') are terms used to describe a state in which a part further away is abnormally placed towards (varus) or away from (valgus) the midline.[30]. This confusion can arise because the forearm can pronate and supinate. The opposite of lateral is the medial side, meaning the sides of your legs that face each other. In projectional radiography terminology, an anteroposterior (AP) projection is taken with the X-ray generator anteriorly (such as in the front of a human), and the X-ray detector posteriorly. What Is The Difference Between “It’s” And “Its”? Superficial (from Latin superficies 'surface') describes something near the outer surface of the organism. Which among the Baby IIMs are worth in terms of placements and ROI? contralateral: [ kon″trah-lat´er-al ] pertaining to, situated on, or affecting the opposite side. What are the disadvantages of primary group? [64] Most spiders have eight eyes in four pairs. How will understanding of attitudes and predisposition enhance teaching? The palmar fascia is palmar to the tendons of muscles which flex the fingers, and the dorsal venous arch is so named because it is on the dorsal side of the foot. Preferential use of limbs of one side of the body. In invertebrates, the large variety of body shapes presents a difficult problem when attempting to apply standard directional terms. [49] Terms used to describe structures include "buccal" (from Latin bucca 'cheek') and "palatal" (from Latin) referring to structures close to the cheek and hard palate respectively. Without lateral thinking, companies can’t innovate and create new products – they’re just stuck with doing the same old thing, perhaps more efficiently … Thus, there are multiple possible radial axes and medio-peripheral (half-) axes. Patient placement: Same as lateral cervical (neutral position). When did organ music become associated with baseball? What is the meaning of lateral placement? lateral placements are placements for mid-level positions i.e [3] An organism that is round or not symmetrical may have different axes. See more. [1] This means descriptions are with respect to the organism in its standard anatomical position, even when the organism in question has appendages in another position. For other uses, see, "Proximal" and "distal" redirect here. Standard anatomical terms of location deal unambiguously with the anatomy of animals, including humans. Here are some examples of lateral thinking career choices: Advertising. Anteversion and retroversion are complementary terms describing an anatomical structure that is rotated forwards (towards the front of the body) or backwards (towards the back of the body), relative to some other position. the difference in the mental functions controlled by the left and right cerebral hemispheres of the brain. [65], Aspects of spider anatomy; This aspect shows the mainly prolateral surface of the anterior femora, plus the typical horizontal eye pattern of the Sparassidae, Typical arrangement of eyes in the Lycosidae, with PME being the largest, In the Salticidae the AME are the largest, Standard terms for unambiguous description of relative placement of body parts, "Anterior" redirects here. For improved clarity, the directional term palmar (from Latin palma 'palm of the hand') is usually used to describe the front of the hand, and dorsal is the back of the hand. Describe 2020 In Just One Word? The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary In such organisms, the end with a mouth (or equivalent structure, such as the cytostome in Paramecium or Stentor), or the end that usually points in the direction of the organism's locomotion (such as the end with the flagellum in Euglena), is normally designated as the anterior end. Unabridged "Deep" is one of the few anatomical terms of location derived from Old English rather than Latin – the anglicised Latin term would have been "profound" (from Latin profundus 'due to depth').[1][37].