It xÚb```b``şÇÀÂÀÀ˜ÉÀË€ ¼@1ä˜À0VÃL�(³ŠhûJ£  j!Ac%°$à†b?®À*™†¥œ¦8®å6˜Æ% –`c`ĞRc [Í`ĬªS€4#Ë$¸A\@ɵQFI€ Qe !��þ�d5�!S&�zM>�e����]��%?�q�Q;��q$ݘr'�j���ܴY��u�%5��͛4����{ǀ�MO��b����p�K�K3��������"���x���}�/��� 9lzY~5M�lх���a�=gat. 1804 Eli Whitney obtained a patent for his cotton gin, a device that paved the way Thomas Bradley was elected the first black mayor of Los Angeles. Davis would be acquitted of all charges on June 4, 1972. 0000002476 00000 n September 9. April 24. 1922 1929 1862 0000000596 00000 n The Black Panther Party was founded by Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale in Oakland, California. 1822 Frederick Drew Gregory was the first black to command a space shuttle Martin Luther King, Jr., delivered his "I Have a Dream" 1955 these 38,000 died. was ratified. officer of the NAACP. March 30. 1866 November 7. 1950 Jean Baptiste Point DuSable decided to build a trading post near Lake Michigan, thus becoming This was the eighth and final night for the miniseries based on Alex Haley's Roots. Rosa Parks refused to change It was largely circumvented. The First Pan-African Congress met in Paris, France, under the is claimed that some 5,000 blacks were prepared to rise in July. September 9. 1861 0000005480 00000 n October 16. The March on Washington was the largest civil rights demonstration ever. xref speech. Beginning in Harlem, serious racial disturbances occurred in more The largest single gift to date from a black organization was the $132,000 given Booker T. Washington delivered the "Atlanta Compromise" speech at the Cotton States International Exposition in literature and art. 1970 H‰œW]�ÛF|_àşÃ. 1854 champion. national attention. 1822 States. 1940 courthouse. October 7. Congress allowed the enlistment of blacks in the Union Army. States Surgeon General. October 7. Lee P. Brown was named the first black police commissioner of Houston, The state legislature of Louisiana repealed the last racial classification law in August 30. in Memphis, Tennessee. Congress to restrict slavery in any federal territory. October 25. 1868 black. 1831 August 21-22. Vermont was the first state to abolish slavery. July 28. June 22. black denomination in the United States. He was very light skinned and was married to a white woman. Massacre. April 4. Raleigh, North Carolina. 0000002719 00000 n The Southern Regional Council reported that desegregation in Southern Timeline of Events in African American History 1619 August 20. 0000001884 00000 n Luther King, Jr., holiday was celebrated four days later on January 20. eight season run. effect. 1922 1929 The case attracted Edward G. Walker and Charles L. Mitchell were the first blacks to sit in an American legislature, David Dinkins was elected mayor of New York, and L. Douglas Wilder, A. Philip Randolph organized the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. 258 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 260 /H [ 768 806 ] /L 749867 /E 45563 /N 76 /T 744588 >> endobj xref 258 16 0000000016 00000 n were tried for their lives in Scottsboro, Alabama, and hastily convicted. which continued until shortly after December 13, 1956, when the United States Supreme Court April 15-17. Wellington Webb was elected mayor of Denver, Colorado. the United States Senate. August 9. August 21-22. The federal law prohibiting the importation of African slaves went into George Augustus Stallings became the first bishop of the African-American The African Methodist Episcopal Church was organized at the first independent July. August 1-2. of free blacks. In the following week riots occurred in at least 125 places throughout March 1. March 1. Nine young blacks were accused of raping two white women in a boxcar. October 2. Benjamin O. Davis, Sr., became the first black general in the United States 1910 Rosa Parks refused to change June. 1960 champion of the world. This was the worst summer for racial disturbances in United States home runs. 1941 legislation in more than 75 years. February 14. W. C. Handy published "Memphis Blues." September 18. The United Negro College Fund was founded. August 3. seats in a Montgomery, Alabama, bus. discrimination in defense industries after pressure from blacks led by A. Philip Randolph. 0000006472 00000 n that of Massachusetts. 1808 Civil rights protests took place in most major urban areas. Maynard H. Jackson was elected the first black mayor of Atlanta.