Schweiz in the coverage of public health interventions (antenatal care, intermittent preventive treatment for malaria during pregnancy, and full vaccination for children) and increases in female education and economic development. However, child mortality caused by prematurity and low birthweight increased, particularly in poorer states and rural areas. 149. 2019): India (17.3 percent), Yemen (15.5 percent), Sri Lanka (15.1 percent), Timor-Leste (14.6 percent), Sudan (14.3 percent), Niger (14.1 percent), Chad (13.3 percent), Djibouti (12.5 percent), Malaysia (11.5 percent), Evidence from Pakistan also illustrates the Underlying this average are major challenges in particular regions, countries, and communities. Von TRAVELBOOK | 11. Note: For the 2020 GHI, data on the proportion of undernourished are for 2017–2019; data on child stunting and wasting are for the latest year in the period 2015–2019 for which data are available; and data on child mortality are for 2018. Download report (PDF | 3.52 MB) EXECUTIVE SUMMARY. Continued breastfeeding (breastfeeding up to the age of two years or beyond, along with consumption of nutritious complementary foods) has the potential to decrease child mortality, but the rates of continued breastfeeding have fallen in the region over time (Akachi, Steenland, and Fink 2018). 2020). In recent years the country has experienced severe food crises driven by hyperinflation, a rapidly contracting GDP, overdependence on oil revenues coupled with falling oil production, and poor governance characterized by rampant corruption and growing autocracy (Labrador 2019). Yet this average obscures the serious and persistent challenges facing many countries and regions, as well as the very real potential for the situation to worsen in the future. Worldwide hunger and undernutrition, when calculated as a global average, can be classified as moderate (Figure 1.1). Hunger is considered to be alarming in 8 additional countries - Burundi, Central African Republic, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Somalia, South Sudan, Syria, and Yemen and serious in 9 additional countries based on provisional categorizations (Box 1.3). These are the most significant takeaways from the 2020 Global Peace Index compiled by … It is critical to understand that the GHI scores presented in this report do not yet reflect the impact of COVID-19 on hunger and undernutrition (see Box 1.2). Außerdem wird untersucht, wie sich die Folgen der Krise, insbesondere die ökonomischen Konsequenzen, in den kommenden Jahren auf den Erhalt des Friedens auswirken und welche Länder sich am besten erholen werden. Global Peace Index. India climbed up 2 places to be ranked at 139 in GPI 2020. Demokratische Republik Kongo Auch interessant: Das sind die glücklichsten Länder der Erde. die 5 für die Region mit der höchsten Gewaltstatistik gilt. Immerhin: Das Land ist das dreizehnte Jahr in Folge unter den Top Ten. 2020). Appendix F shows the 2020 GHI scores, from highest to lowest, within each region, to allow for an assessment of countries’ hunger status relative to nearby countries. In other words, 32.7 percent of children in Africa South of the Sahara and 33.2 percent of children in South Asia were too short for their age, reflecting chronic undernutrition (UNICEF, WHO, and World Bank 2020b). Our case studies provides a more detailed look at two countries, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Nepal. high in terms of public health significance (de Onis et al. The child stunting rates in 35 countries exceed 30 percent, the threshold at which they are considered “very high” in terms of their public health significance (de Onis et al. Across Asia and the Pacific, the COVID-19 pandemic is having economic repercussions, resulting in less diversified and nutritious diets. Grundlage sind 24 qualitative und quantitative Indikatoren, die eine Punktzahl ergeben - je weniger, desto besser! In both Africa South of the Sahara and South Asia, one in three children was stunted as of 2019. For 25 countries, individual scores could not be calculated and ranks could not be determinded owing to lack of data. Attachments. 6.7 percent, is not the country’s highest, nor is it exceptionally high in absolute terms (SA, MOHSP, and ICF 2018). Sudan Auf das Friedenstreppchen schafft es ein Land, das in den letzten Jahren immer beliebter geworden ist. For a detailed explanation of the concept of the GHI, the calculation of the scores, and Figure 1.3 illustrates the within-country disparities in child stunting for children under the age of five in 69 countries. Wie sieht es in der Welt aus? Grün markierte Länder zählen zu den 20 % friedlichsten Ländern des jeweiligen Jahres; rot markierte Länder zählen zu den kriegerischsten 20 %. undernourishment this year, resulting in a substantial change in the estimates relative to previous ones. The COVID-19 pandemic has undermined food and nutrition security for many, and its effects will likely ripple into the future. 13 großartige Gadgets, die sich diesen November rasend schnell verkaufen, Korrigieren Sie Ihre schlechte Haltung und lindern Sie Rückenschmerzen hiermit, Die Diashow wird auf der nächsten Folie fortgesetzt, © Creative Travel Projects/ Shutterstock.com. Belgien 13. The Food Insecurity Experience Scale, however, shows that globally and in every region, the prevalence of food insecurity is slightly higher among women than among men (FAO et al. 16. In Europa gab es in diesem Zeitraum die meisten Proteste, Unruhen und Streiks. While the share of undernourished people - that is, people who consume too few calories—in the world has stagnated, the absolute number of undernourished people is on the rise. The analysis provides an overview of the context for each country, a consideration of how hunger and undernutrition vary by region, and an examination of the factors that have influenced change over time. For each country with available data, this figure shows the stunting rates for the states or areas with the highest and lowest stunting levels, as well as the national average—the longer the black line, the wider the disparity in stunting rates within the country. To track a country or region’s GHI performance over time, its 2020 GHI score can be compared with its GHI scores for 2000, 2006, and 2012, as shown on this page. In 2019, 144 million children worldwide suffered from stunting (21.3 percent) and 47 million children suffered from wasting (6.9 percent) (UNICEF, WHO, and World Bank 2020b). 146. Portugal Nur ein Staat ist noch besser. Interventions and policies may be targeted along different lines depending on the circumstances. Je niedriger diese ist, desto friedfertiger wird ein Land eingestuft und desto höher ist seine Position im Ranking. 2000, 2006, 2012, AND 2020 GLOBAL HUNGER INDEX SCORES, AND CHANGE SINCE 2000, which is a strong driver of hunger and undernutrition, The worldwide estimates in this paragraph include the 107 countries in this report with 2020 GHI scores plus. Africa South of the Sahara and South Asia have the highest hunger and undernutrition levels among world regions, with 2020 GHI scores of 27.8 and 26.0, respectively—both considered serious. Organisationen außer der UNO, Grad der Schwierigkeit, um Zugang zu leichten Waffen zu bekommen, Professor Kevin P. Clements: Leiter des Australian Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies (ACPACS), Universität von Queensland, Australien, Emeritus Professor Stuart Rees: Sydney Peace Foundation, Universität von Sydney, Australien, Dr. Manuela Mesa: Direktorin des Peace Research Center (Centro de Investigación para la Paz, CIP-FUHEM) & President der Asociación Española de Investigación para la Paz (AIPAZ), Spanien, Professor Andrew Mack: Direktor des Human Security Centre, Universität von British Columbia, Kanada, Associate Professor Mohammed Abu-Nimer: School of International Service, Amerikanische Universität, Washington DC, USA. Improving their access to credit and power over decision making is essential for female empowerment and fostering the country’s agricultural sector. Its child stunting rate, at 41.6 percent, is also very high in terms of its public health significance and relative to most other countries in this report. In 11 countries, the public health significance of child wasting rates is considered “high” (10–<15 percent) or “very high” (≥15 percent) (de Onis et al. For the 2020 GHI report, data were assessed for 132 countries.