The captain opted for smothering it, sealing the hold and trying to starve the fire of oxygen. Since you're obviously going to be wearing headphones,… READ THE REST, How many years has everyone been screaming about password security? Because every gas is assumed to be identical, a mixture of gases (like what's described in this problem) has the same properties as an equivalent amount (i.e. That is because ammonium nitrate is an oxidizer -- it intensifies combustion and allows other substances to ignite more readily, but is not itself very combustible. If it comes in contact with fire or high temperature, it can explode on its own. These will rapidly melt in water to allow the nitrogen to release into soil. Key findings include: • Actual amount of time spent playing was a small… READ THE REST, "Our couch was the front line and our patience was our weapon." Nitrogen is derived from the atmosphere, but this form has a strong chemical bond that is difficult for plants to uptake. As I said earlier, ammonium nitrate is a strong and explosive agent. ", Like us on Facebook to see similar stories, Grieving a COVID-19 loss, families prepare for a Thanksgiving without loved ones, China stepping up virus testing on imported food packaging. The coefficient of O{eq}_2{/eq} is the only unknown. Using ammonium nitrate in gardens and large scale agricultural fields enhances plant growth and provides a ready supply of nitrogen from which plants can draw. "If you keep a compost heap you might have seen it steaming in the winter sometimes," Oxley said. It's not clear which of these chemicals was the source of the explosion. V=\frac{(\text{656 mol})(\text{0.08206 L atm mol}^{-1}\text{K}^{-1})(\text{580.15 K})}{\text{1.00 atm}}\\ Easier forms of nitrogen that occur in processed fertilizers include ammonium nitrate. seismographs registered it as a magnitude 2.1 earthquake, The largest industrial accident in the United States happened in 1947, The factory had large stores of both ammonium nitrate and anhydrous ammonia — a flammable gas —, The ammonium nitrate storage building was at the center of the blast, The Arecibo radio telescope will be demolished, Playing video games makes you happy, say scientists working with EA and Nintendo, Germany's new COVID-19 spot is very clever and funny, stay-at-home couch potatoes are national heroes, Save an extra 40% on this software that will help troubleshoot your WiFi issues, This handy adapter ties your Nintendo Switch, smartphone, and Bluetooth headphones' audio together, These 5 highly-rated password managers are on sale for an extra 40% off ahead of Black Friday. This problem asks us to calculate a volume of gas under given temperature and pressure conditions. Before finding out more about its advantages and disadvantages, let’s get to know more about the ingredients and the formula this chemical. Ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3) is a chemical compound made of ammonia and nitrogen. "You can toss 50 pounds of it in the back of your car and it will do nothing. Upon application of ammonium nitrate fertilizer, it easily dissociates into these two forms. Read about what we do with the data we gather in our Privacy Policy. We provide informative articles about gardening, lawn care and landscaping that you can come back to again and again when you have questions or want to learn more! When urea-based fertilizers are used, conversion of urea to ammonium occurs for a period of one day to one week, and some amount of nitrogen is lost to the atmosphere in the process. Service. Fertilizer can explode*. Exposure to fire will cause a long, sustained and large explosion. The number of moles of NH{eq}_4{/eq}NO{eq}_3{/eq} can be easily calculated using the mass (15.0 kg, or 15,000 g) and its molecular weight (80.04 g/mol): (15,000 g) / (80.04 g/mol) = 187 moles of NH{eq}_4{/eq}NO{eq}_3{/eq}. In most cases, the compound is very stable and can only become explosive in certain conditions. How many liters of gas at 307.0 degrees Celsius and 1.00 atm are formed by the explosive decomposition of 15.0 kg of ammonium nitrate to nitrogen, oxygen, and water vapor? Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. Hence it is widely used for agricultural as well as blasting purposes. Who will be eaten first? These notably include one at a Texas fertilizer plant in 2013 that killed 15 and was ruled deliberate, and a North Korean railway blast that left 161 dead in 2004. Ammonium nitrate is used in cold packs and freezing mixtures due to its endothermic hydrating process. Our forum rules are detailed in the Community Guidelines. To calculate this, we'll need to take a closer look at the chemistry. - Definition, Formula & Units, Using Hess's Law to Calculate the Change in Enthalpy of a Reaction, Combined Gas Law: Definition, Formula & Example, Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures: Calculating Partial & Total Pressures, Molar Heat of Combustion: Definition & Calculations, Using Graphs to Determine Rate Laws, Rate Constants & Reaction Orders, Calculating Boiling-Point Elevation of a Solution, Precipitation Reactions: Predicting Precipitates and Net Ionic Equations, Determining Rate Equation, Rate Law Constant & Reaction Order from Experimental Data, Calculating Heat, Energy & Temperature Changes, Calculating Change in Thermal Energy: Formula & Examples, Calculating Percent Composition and Determining Empirical Formulas, CLEP Natural Sciences: Study Guide & Test Prep, Middle School Life Science: Tutoring Solution, Holt McDougal Modern Chemistry: Online Textbook Help, Praxis Chemistry (5245): Practice & Study Guide, College Chemistry: Homework Help Resource, CSET Science Subtest II Chemistry (218): Practice & Study Guide, ISEB Common Entrance Exam at 13+ Geography: Study Guide & Test Prep, Holt Science Spectrum - Physical Science with Earth and Space Science: Online Textbook Help, Biological and Biomedical You could say that she studies stuff that explodes, but it actually goes a lot further than that. "We need ammonium nitrate, we just need to pay good attention to what we're doing with it. However, it has always been more prone to misuse and continues to be misused. That's because biorganisms break down the compost and release heat. After broadcasting the compound, it should be tilled in or watered in very thoroughly. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. The Jury Is Out – What’s the Best Weed Killer. U.S. Gulf: NOLA ammonium nitrate barge prices remained in the $150-$160/st FOB range. In addition to its usefulness as a fertilizer, ammonium nitrate is also employed in certain industrial and construction settings. (This is an approximation, but it is reasonably accurate for low molecular weight gases such as H{eq}_2{/eq} and N{eq}_2{/eq}.). What is ammonium nitrate? Meanwhile, she suspects that the Boston Marathon bombings were likely to have been an explosion.