This, of course, was a thousand years before the time of Moses. The Sargonic empire had five rulers before it fell into anarchy and succumbed to internal rebellion coupled with invasion from tribes of the Zagros. He was attempting to secure the trade routes that passed through Akkad, linking such distant places as Egypt and India, and make them secure for the caravans that provided for the material needs of his realm, mainly wood and minerals. The Akkadian Empire was the second ancient empire of Mesopotamia, after the long-lived civilization of Sumer. But before Sargon could begin his new policies he had to establish himself as a legitimate ruler, for the gods would not favor an illegitimate king. By usurping the throne of this respected city, Sargon must have known he would have hell to pay for his new kingship. Sargon had an extremely large personal guard for he wrote that “5,400 men eat bread daily before him [Sargon],” and these may have served as the core troops he needed for developing the larger army when he expanded beyond traditional Mesopotamia. This last campaign was brutal. . Previously he had used the humbler titles of “King of Agade” and “King of Kish.”. The Akkadian army was professional—highly trained and organized—with no use for the untrained, poorly armed skirmishers. The Akkaidian Empire achieved many firsts in recorded human history, including the first postal system, good roadways between cities, the first empire and the first dynasty. The empire consolidated power and crushed revolts for 200 years before falling to outside invaders. The Akkadian Empire was an ancient Semitic empire centered in the city of Akkad, which united all the indigenous Akkadian speaking Semites and Sumerian speakers under one rule. It was centered in the city of Akkad /ˈækæd/ and its surrounding region. But Sargon was to meet all challenges and go on to become the first great conqueror of the Western world by constructing the first professional army. . The Akkadian Empire was completely dependent on the agricultural systems of the region. The Akkadian Empire Sargon,king of the Akkadian empire ruled for 56 years and was also the genral. The reason for Sargon’s far-flung expeditions was not aggrandizement as much as economics. So in one stroke Sargon defeated the army sent against him and took a good portion of Sumer’s leaders captive. In both the eastern and western campaigns Sargon recorded the capture and sacking of several cities. Sargon was attacked soon after by the most powerful king in all of Sumer, Lugal-Zaggesi of Uruk, who had united through conquest and intimidation most of Sumer’s city-states into a quasi-feudal empire. They also used the chariot effectively and were known for building roads and highways. WWII Quarterly, the hardcover journal of the Second World War that is not available in bookstores or on newsstands, and can only be obtained and collected through a personal subscription through the mail. The name of Sargon became crowned by a halo of myths and legends repeated throughout Western culture. . There are moments in military history that forever alter the flow of human events. Sargon was of lowly birth according to his own inscriptions. The chariot pole was attached to a broad wooden collar and head stalls for the asses, because the bit was as yet unknown. In Sargon-era wars, a victory was usually followed by the almost wholesale slaughter of prisoners, and those who were spared were carried off as slaves. Please This Is Due in an hour. Sargon Akkad is the first leader of the Akkadian Empire. In such times an estimated 20 percent of the population could serve, so an average population of 35,000 for a Sumerian city would have a militia army of about seven thousand. The Assyrians conquered an Empire that stretched from the Western flank of Persia through the Levant and Israel and into Egypt As soldiers the Assyrians were renowned for their archery skills. Sargon was the first ruler of the Akkadian Empire in 2350 B.C. He did not know his father but his uncles “loved the hills,” meaning he may have been descended from enslaved hill tribesmen; his adoptive father was a fruit-picker. Tradition held that kingship descended there from heaven—after a great deluge had nearly destroyed mankind—and brought order to ancient Sumer and Akkad, an area that roughly occupied the southern region of modern Iraq. In theory this new army would directly improve the regional economy by maintaining a peace that prevailed through all the cities under Sargon’s sway. His realization that parochial, militia armies precluded any real empire was clearly ahead of its time and his methods to the contrary were to be the foundation for every subsequent conqueror worthy of being entitled “The Great.”, XHTML: You can use these tags:
. He reigned from c. 2334-2284 BC. Please This Is Due in an hour. This type of army served well when fighting a similar force, so one Sumerian city could never dominate its neighbors for very long. It was after this last campaign that Sargon dropped the façade and assumed the title of “King of the Nation,” the “Nation” being Sumer with Sargon as the god-given ruler. Artwork by Johnny Shumate If gods had transcendent powers, kings had armies, which they normally accompanied to the field in person.